List of Normal Lab Values and Tube Colors

Here is a list of normal lab values. Keep in mind that the values may be slightly different depending on the facility. This should only be used as a general reference. If you know of any that are missing from this list, add them in a comment down below.

Hematology  Chemistry  Coagulation  Blood gas  Urine  Other  Color  Pin

Click here to download and print these lab values (pdf)

Hematology

White blood cells (WBC) 3.6-11.6

Red blood cells (RBC) 3.54-5.14

Hemoglobin (HGB) 12.0-15.5

Hematocrit (HCT) 33.0-46.5

Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 77.0-100.0

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 22.0-35.0

Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) 32.0-36.0

Red cell distribution width (RDW) 12.0-15.9

Platelet count (PLT) 121-365

Mean platelet volume (MPV) 6.7-10.3

Neutrophils (neut) % 40.0-98.0

Lymphocytes (lymph) % 10.5-42.0

Monocytes (mono) % 3.0-15.0

Eosinophils (eos) % 2.0-5.0

Basophils (baso) % 0.0-1.6

Absolute neuts 1.4-11.4

Absolute lymphs 0.4-4.8

Absolute Monos 0.1-1.7

Absolute Eos 0.0-0.4

Absolute Basos 0.0-0.2

Nucleated RBC % 0.0-0.4

Nucleated RBC # 0.00-0.02

Chemistry

Sodium (Na) 136-145

Potassium (K) 3.5-5.1

Chloride (Cl) 100-110

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 21.0-32.0

Anion Gap 5-15

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) 7.0-23.0

Creatinine (Creat) 0.50-1.20

Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) above 60

Glucose (Glu) 70-100

Vitamin B12 193-986

Folate 3.1-17.5

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) 0.34-4.82

Calcium (Ca) 8.5-10.1

Ionized calcium 4.50-5.45

Phosphorus (P) 2.5-4.9

Magnesium (Mg) 1.7-2.4

Iron (Fe) 40-170

Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) 250-450

Iron saturation % 15-50

Ferritin 8-252

Total bilirubin 0.0-1.0

Direct bilirubin 0.0-0.3

Indirect bilirubin 0.0-1.2

Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) below 37

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) below 78

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) 45-117

Total protein 6.4-8.5

Albumin (ALB) 3.4-5.0

Globulin 2.3-3.5

Albumin/globulin ratio 0.9-1.5

Troponin Less than 0.01

Lactic acid 0.4-1.9

Triglycerides 30-150

Cholesterol <200

Low density lipoprotein (LDL) "bad cholesterol" 0-130

High density lipoprotein (HDL) "good cholesterol" 40-59

Free Thyroxine (Free T4) 0.77 - 1.61

Lipase 73-393

Hemoglobin A1C (HBA1C) 4.5-6.2

Coagulation

Prothrombin time (PT) 9.1-13.3

International normalized ratio (INR) 0.82-1.17

Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) 22.0-36.0

D-dimer Less than 0.5

Fibrinogen 177-450

Blood Gas

Potential of hydrogen (PH) 7.35-7.45

Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2) 35.0-45.0

Partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) 80.0-105.0

Oxygen saturation (O2 sat) 95-100

Bicarbonate (HCO3) 23.0-28.0

Base Excess -3 to 3

Urine

Color - yellow

Appearance - clear

PH 5-8

Specific gravity 1.007-1.030

Protein - negative

Ketones - negative

Blood - negative

Nitrite - negative

Bilirubin - negative

Urobilinogen <1.0 mg/dL

Leukocyte esterase - negative

RBC 0-2

WBC 0-2

Squamous Epithelial Cells 0-2

Bacteria - none-rare

Hyaline Casts 0-2

Mucus - few

Yeast - none seen

Yeast with hyphae - none seen

Glucose <50 mg/dL

Other

Theophylline (TPH) 10.0-20.0

What Color Tube?

What color vacutainer tube is required for which blood tests? Find out here. *ice - Place on ice after drawing.

Lime Green

Basic metabolic panel (BMP)

Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP, COMP)

Electrolytes (LYT)

Hepatic function panel (HFPA)

Renal function panel (RENFP)

Lipid panel

Acetaminophen (TYL)

Albumin (ALB)

Alkaline phosphatase (ALK)

ALT

Ammonia (PLNH3) *ice

Amylase

AST

Beta-hydroxy butyrate (BHOB)

Bilirubin

C-reactive protein

Calcium (CA)

Cholesterol (CHOL)

CK

Cortisol (CRT)

Creatinine (CREG)

Digoxin (DIG)

Estradiol (EDOL)

Ethanol (ETOH)

Ferritin (FER)

Folate (FOLAT)

FSH

GGT

Glucose (GLU)

Haptoglobin (HPT)

Iron (FE)

LD

Lidocaine (LIDO)

Lipase (LPASE)

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Magnesium (MG)

Osmolality (OSMO)

Parathyroid hormone (IPTH)

Phenytoin (Dilantin)

Phosphate (PO4)

Potassium (K)

Prolactin (PRL)

Protein

Salicylate (ASA)

Sodium (NA)

Testosterone (TEST)

Thyroid (T3, T4)

Transferrin (TRSF)

Transthyretin (Pre-albumin)

Triglycerides (TRIG)

Urea nitrogen (BUN)

Uric acid (URIC)

Vitamin B12

Vancomycin

Lavender

Complete blood count (CBC)

Cyclosporine

G6PD

Hematocrit (HCTG)

Hemoglobin (HB, HGB)

HB A1C

HB Elec

HB S, Quantitative

Homocysteine *ice

Platelet (PLT)

Reticulocyte (RETIC)

Sedimentation rate (ESR)

Sirolimus (SIROLG)

Tacrolimu (TACROG)

Factor 5 DNA

Prothrombin DNA

Vitamin B1

WBC

ZPPH

Adenovirus

BK virus

CMV DNA

EBV DNA

HSV DNA

VZV DNA

Blue

Anti-factor Xa

Coag Screen

D-dimer

DIC panel

Direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI)

Fibrinogen (FIBCL)

Lupus anticoagulant

Protein C activity

Activated protein C resistance (APCR)

Protein S antigen

Prothrombin Time (PT)

Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)

Thrombin time (TT)

F8 thrombosis

Von Willebrand disease group

Pink

Type and screen

Gold

Rheumatoid factor (RF)

Serologic syphilis panel (SYPHS)

Vitamin A

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Hepatitis A, B, C

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Measles

Mumps

Rubella

Varicella zoster

Red

AFP

Anti-nuclear antibodies

CA 125

CA 27.29 / CA 15.3

CEA

Copper (CUG)

Cryoglobulins (CRYOG)

Free light chains (FLC)

HCG tumor marker

Immunofixation (IFIX)

Immunoglobulins: IGA, IGG, IGE, IGM

Mononucleosis (MONO)

Progesterone (PROG)

Protein electrophoresis (ELP)

Orange

HCG pregnancy

Prostate specific antigen (PSA)

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

Troponin I

Pearl White

B-type natriuretic peptide (BNAP)

HIV antigen and antibody

Gray

Lactic acid *ice

Pin this list!

List of normal lab values and tube colors
Normal lab values list
Extended list of normal lab values
Normal lab values chart

Medical References for Caregivers

From Extended List of Normal Lab Values to Home

New! Comments

Have something to say about what you just read? Leave a comment in the box below.

Recent Articles

  1. The Reality of Being a Male Caregiver - Caregiverology

    Aug 05, 19 09:04 AM

    As a male caregiver, I feel like I should discuss the various aspects that I have noticed throughout the years. Some are positive while others are negative.

    Read More

  2. How to Perform Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises - Caregiverology

    Jul 26, 19 09:04 AM

    This page explains how to perform range of motion (ROM) exercises on a patient. Included are pictures that highlight how to perform common passive ROM exercises.

    Read More

  3. 3 Stages of Alzheimer's Disease: An In Depth Look - Caregiverology

    Jul 16, 19 09:33 AM

    When it comes to most cases of dementia, Alzheimer's disease is usually the cause. Because of this, the focus of this article is going to be on Alzheimer's specifically.

    Read More