Medical References for Caregivers

This page serves as the hub for multiple medical references for caregivers. Various medical information will be updated and added over time so check back often.

Lists  Explained  Guest  Other

Lists and Charts

Common medical abbreviations and acronyms - This page reveals the meaning of hundreds of abbreviations and acronyms. If you are like me and can't keep up with all of them, this list will certainly help. Make sure you add any that you don't see in the comments at the bottom of the page. I will continue to update the list over time.

Normal lab values - This page lists many of the lab values that are commonly tested during checkups and hospital stays. Note that the ranges shown are the ones used just for one facility. They are often slightly different depending on the facility and location so yours may not match up perfectly with this list.

Nurse report checklist - Not only does this page list name many common topics that are exchanged during report, it also describes them in more detail. If you follow this checklist for each of your patients, you should be able to give a thorough report to the oncoming nurse or caregiver. Note that all patients don't necessarily have to cover every topic.

Help with medical conversions - This page was made to assist with converting measurements used in the metric system, otherwise known as the International System of Units (SI), and the system used in the United States (US) often referred to as the imperial system. There are even formulas that convert Fahrenheit (F) to Celsius (C) and vise versa.

Waste management in healthcare - This page serves as the hub that leads to other pages that describe what type of waste goes where in the medical field. If you are unsure where something belongs when it is thrown away, you'll likely find the answer here. It covers standard, medical, and sharps waste, as well as recyclable materials.

Explained Series

NIH stroke scale explained in detailThe NIH stroke scale is an assessment that is performed by medical professionals on patients in order to determine if they had a stroke. For someone who has had some practice, it should take no more than 10 minutes to complete it. For those who haven't done this before, it will take some time to do correctly.

SBAR explained - This is an acronym that stands for situation, background, assessment, and recommendation. It is used primarily as a tool to quickly communicate patient data. It simply breaks down what information should be covered when describing a situation in order to receive a recommendation. There is an example used on the page to better illustrate the complete process.

CIWA-Ar explained - This reveals that CIWA-Ar stands for clinical institute withdrawal assessment (revised version) for alcohol. It also includes the tool itself which is used to measure withdrawal symptoms for patients who are typically dependent on alcohol. It's so simple, anyone can calculate a score just based off of the information provided on this page.

Glasgow coma scale (GCS) explained - This page explains that the GCS is a tool created by Dr. Graham Teasdale used to measure a patient's level of consciousness (LOC) to determine the severity of a traumatic brain injury (TBI). It uses a series of three different tests: eye opening (E), verbal response (V), and motor response (M). The chart makes it easy enough for anyone to calculate a score based off of the information provided.

Post mortem care explained step by step - This page not only describes the supplies needed and steps taken in order to perform post mortem care, it also goes over other important details. These include things such as the onset of rigor mortis and a few other warnings for people who may be doing this for the first time. Although not a pleasant process, at least you'll know what to expect.

AIDET explained - This page not only explains what the acronym stands for, which is acknowledge, introduce, duration, explanation, and thank you. It also describes in detail how they should be utilized in order to have effective communication skills with your patients. When used effectively, they will appreciate your outstanding bedside manner.

MEWS score explained - This page describes the modified early warning score (MEWS) in detail. It shows how to calculate a score based off of your patient's vital signs and a basic assessment. It also covers AVPU which is included in the calculation of the overall score. It stands for alert, voice, pain, and unresponsive. Click the acronym for more detail.

Do not resuscitate (DNR) explained - This is a medical order given when a patient does not want attempts to be made to bring them back to life when they die. Note that this can be a complex and sensitive subject. This article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered professional medical advice.

Guest Articles

How to Pay for Different Types of Long-Term Care - A vast majority of seniors will need long-term care for at least a short amount of time. And while Medicare does a good job helping seniors pay for the increasing costs of healthcare, Parts A and B do not cover long-term custodial care. The amount a person will need to pay for long-term care depends on what type they need, how long they will be in care, and where they live. Thank you Dana Brown of for contributing this article.

Other Pages

Download and print caregiver information here - This page has several PDF files that cover a variety of medical topics. They can be downloaded and printed at your leisure to be stored for later use. Print and share as many as you like. Spread the knowledge.

What is a bladder scanner and how do you use one?It is an ultrasound machine that uses sound waves to scan a patient's bladder to determine how much urine they have inside. This is typically done if there is suspicion that they are retaining urine which can cause serious issues such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or even bladder rupture if not treated. Click for step by step instructions.

Blood pressure measurement basics - This page goes over the supplies needed and step by step instructions in order to check your patient's blood pressure including checking manually with a stethoscope. The process itself is simple enough that anyone can do it, but it may take a little practice to check it perfectly.

How to give a bed bath - This page is a little longer than some of the other pages, but it goes over the bathing process for patients on bedrest in great detail. It can also be used in conjunction with these pages that cover how to give perineal care and the process of changing a patient's bed linens.

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Recent Articles

  1. NIH Stroke Scale Explained in Detail - Caregiverology

    Nov 15, 18 06:46 AM

    The NIH stroke scale is an assessment that is performed by medical professionals on patients in order to determine if they had a stroke. For someone who has had some practice, it should take no more t…

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    Sep 19, 18 07:26 PM

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    Sep 18, 18 10:38 AM

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