Common Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms

Here is a list of common medical abbreviations and acronyms. Use the green search box at the bottom of the page or the alphabet below to find a specific one more quickly.

You can also press the Ctrl and F keys on your Windows computer keyboard, or Command and F keys on your Mac keyboard. This will open a text box where you can type the letters. Then press Enter/Return on your keyboard to be brought to that word or abbreviation.

Simply click the blue underlined terms to learn more about them. Use the comment section at the bottom of the page to name one that is missing. I will be adding more to the list periodically.

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A/O - alert and oriented

A&P - assessment and plan

AAA - abdominal aortic aneurism

ABCDE - airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure

ABD - abdominal

ABG - arterial blood gas

ABI - ankle brachial index

ABLA - acute blood loss anemia

Abn - abnormal

ABX - antibiotics

AC - before meals

AC/HS - before meals / at bedtime

ACDF - anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

ACE - angiotensin converting enzyme

ACLS - advanced cardiac life support

Ack - acknowledge

ACP - advanced clinical practitioner

ACS - acute coronary syndrome

AD - advance directive

ADA - Americans with disabilities act

ADAT - advance diet as tolerated

ADD - attention deficit disorder

ADE - adverse drug event

ADH - antidiuretic hormone

ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Ad lib - as desired

ADLs - activities of daily living

ADM - admission

ADR - adverse drug reaction

AECOPD - acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

AED - automated external defibrillator, antiepileptic drug

AF - atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, amniotic fluid

A fib - atrial fibrillation

Ag - silver

AHA - American heart association

AHTR - acute hemolytic transfusion reaction

AICD - automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

AIDET - acknowledge, introduce, duration, explanation, thank you

AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AKA - above the knee amputation

AKI - acute kidney injury

ALARA - as low as reasonably achievable

ALB - albumin

A line - arterial line

ALL - acute lymphocytic leukemia

ALP - alkaline phosphatase

ALT - alanine aminotransferase

AMA - against medical advice

Amb - ambulate, ambulatory

AMI - acute myocardial infarction

AML - acute myeloid leukemia

AMLS - advanced medical life support

Amp - amputated, ampule

AMS - altered mental status

AMT - amount

ANA - American nurses association, antinuclear antibody

ANC - absolute neutrophil count

AND - allow natural death

Anes - anesthesia

ANX - anxiety

AOCD - anemia of chronic disease

AOI - area of impact

AP - apical

APP - advanced practice provider

Approx - approximately

Appy - appendectomy

APT - AntiPlatelete Trialists

APTT - activated partial thromboplastin time

AR - aortic regurgitation, artificial respiration

ARB - angiotensin receptor blocker

ARDS - acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARI - acute respiratory infection

ARNP - advanced registered nurse practitioner

AS - aortic stenosis

ASA - acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

Asp - aspiration

AST - aspartate aminotransferase

ATTN - attending

AUB - abnormal uterine bleeding

AVF - aortic valve flow

AVM - arteriovenous malformation

AVPU - alert voice pain unresponsive

AVR - aortic valve replacement

AX - axillary

AXR - abdominal xray


BA - baker act, barium

BAL - bronchoalveolar lavage

Baso - basophils

BB - bed bath

BBB - bundle branch block

BBL - bed bath and linen changed

BC - blood culture

BCPI - bundled payment for care improvement

Benzo - benzodiazepine

BERT - behavioral emergency response team

Bilat - bilateral

BiPAP - bilevel positive airway pressure

BKA - below the knee amputation

BLE - bilateral lower extremities

BLS - basic life support

BM - bowel movement

BMI - body mass index

BMP - basic metabolic panel

BMR - basal metabolic rate

BON - board of nursing

BP - blood pressure

BPCI - bundled payments for care improvement

BPH - benign prostatic hyperplasia

BPS - bloodborne pathogens standard

BR - bedrest, bathroom

brady - bradycardia

BRBPR - bright red blood per rectum

Bronch - bronchoscopy

BRP - bathroom privilages

BS - blood sugar, bedside

BSC - bedside commode

BTP - breakthrough pain

BUE - bilateral upper extremities

BUN - blood urea nitrogen

BX - biopsy


C - celsius

C/O - complains of

C/W - consistent with

CA - cancer, calcium

CABG - coronary artery bypass graft

CAD - coronary artery disease

CAP - community acquired pneumonia

Cath - catheterization

CAT scan - computerized axial tomography scan

Cauc - Caucasian

CAUTI - catheter associated urinary tract infection

CBC - complete blood count

CBD - common bile duct

CBE - charting by exception

CBI - continuous bladder irrigation

CBT - cognitive behavioral therapy

CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint

CCF - chest compression fraction

CCR - continuity of care record

CCU - critical care unit

CDC - centers for disease control

CDI - cool, dry, intact; clostridium difficile infection

C diff - clostridium difficile

CDSS - clinical decision support system

CE - European Conformity

CEA - carcinoembryonic antigen

CF - cystic fibrosis

CHF - congestive heart failure

CHG - chlorhexidine gluconate

CIWA - clinical institute withdrawal assessment

CIWA-Ar - clinical institute withdrawal assessment revised version

CKD - chronic kidney disease

CL - chloride

CLABSI - central line associated bloodstream infection

CLD - clear liquid diet

CLL - chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CM - centimeters, case management

CML - chronic myelogenous leukemia

CNA - certified nursing assistant

CNS - central nervous system

CO - cardiac output

CO2 - carbon dioxide

COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CP - chest pain

CPAP - continuous positive airway pressure

CPK - creatinine phosphokinase

CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CPT - current procedural terminology, chest physiotherapy

CRAFFT - car, relax, alone, forget, friends, trouble

CrCl - creatinine clearance

Creat - creatinine

CRE - carbapenem resistant enterobacteriaceae

CRNA - certified registered nurse anesthetist

CRP - c-reactive protein

CRPP - closed reduction percutaneous pinning

CSF - cerebral spinal fluid

CTA - computed tomography angiography

CTAB - clear to auscultation bilaterally

CTABDPELV - computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis

CTAP - computed tomography during arterial portography

CTS - carpal tunnel syndrome

CT scan - computed tomography scan

CUP - carcinoma of unknown primary

CV - cardiovascular

CVA - cerebrovascular accident

CVC - central venous catheter

CVR - cerebrovascular resistance

CX - culture

CXR - chest xray


D - day

D/T - due to

DAPT - dual antiplatelet therapy

DaPT - diphtheria, acellular pertussis, tetanus vaccine

DAR - data, action, patient response

DAT - direct antiglobulin test

DBP - diastolic blood pressure

DC, D/C - discharge, discontinue

DCIS - ductal carcinoma in situ

DCP - discharge plan

DD - differential diagnosis, diastolic dysfunction

DDD - degenerative disc disease, daily defined doses

Def - deficiency

Defib - defibrillator

DES - drug eluting stent

DHF - diastolic heart failure, dengue hemorrhagic fever

DHT - dobhoff tube, decompensated heart failure

dL - deciliter

DM - diabetes mellitus

DME - durable medical equipment

DNAR - do not attempt resuscitation

DNI - do not intubate

DNR - do not resuscitate

DO - doctor of osteopathic medicine

DOA - drugs of abuse, dead on arrival

DOB - date of birth

DOE - dyspnea on exertion

DOH - department of health

DON - director of nursing

DOT - Department of Transportation

Dr - doctor

DRESS - drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms

DRG - diagnosis-related group

DRI - dietary reference intake

DRSP - drug resistant streptococcus pneumoniae

DT - date

DTI - deep tissue injury

DTS - delirium tremens

DUB - dysfunctional uterine bleeding

DVT - deep vein thrombosis

DW - dextrose in water

DX - diagnosis


EAC - external auditory canal, erythema annulare centrifugum

EAG - employee advocacy group, estimated average glucose

EBUS - endobronchial ultrasound

ECC - emergency cardiovascular care

ECF - extracellular fluid

ECG - echocardiogram

Echo - echocardiogram

E coli - escherichia coli

ED - emergency department, erectile dysfunction

EENT - eye, ear, nose, and throat

EF - ejection fraction, enteral feeding

E-FORCSE - Electronic Florida Online Reporting of Controlled Substance Evaluation Program

EGD - esophagogastroduodenoscopy (upper GI endoscopy)

EHAC - early heart attack care

EHR - electronic health record

EKG - echocardiogram

EMAR - electronic medication administration record

EMG - electromyography

EMR - electronic medical record

EMS - emergency medical services

EMTALA - emergency medical treatment and labor act

EN - enteral nutrition

ENA - emergency nurses association

ENB - esthesioneuroblastoma

ENT - ear, nose, and throat

EOMI - extraocular movements intact

EOP - emergency operations plan

Eos - eosinophils

ER - emergency room

ERAS - enhanced recovery after surgery

ERCP - endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography

ESBL - extended spectrum beta lactamase

ESLD - end stage liver disease

ESRD - end-stage renal disease

ESS - empty sella syndrome

ETA - estimated time of arrival

ETOH - alcohol

EUS - endoscopic ultrasound

Eval - evaluation

Ex - expiratory

Exac - exacerbation

Ex fix - external fixation

EXT - extraction


F - female, fahrenheit, french

F/U - follow up

Fe - iron

FEN - fluids, electrolytes, and nutrition

FENA - fractional excretion of sodium

FH - family history

Fib - fibula

FL OZ - fluid ounce

FNS - food and nutrition service

FOB - foot of bed, fecal occult blood

FOBT - fecal occult blood test

Freq - frequency

FT - foot

FTSG - full thickness skin graft

FTT - failure to thrive

FVD - fluid volume deficit

FVE - fluid volume excess

FX - fracture


G - gram, gauge

GAD - generalized anxiety disorder

Gal - gallon

GAS - general adaptation syndrome

GCS - Glasgow coma scale, graduated compression stockings

GCSF - granulocyte colony stimulating factor

GCT - germ cell tumor

GERD - gastroesophageal reflux disease

GFR - glomerular filtration rate

GI - gastrointestinal

GIB - gastrointestinal bleed

GIST - gastrointestinal stromal tumor

GJ tube - gastrostomy jejunostomy tube

GLF - ground level fall

GM - gram

GOC - goals of care

GTD - gestational trophoblastic disease

GTT - drop

GU - genitourinary, gastric ulcer

GYN - gynecology, gynecologist


H&H - hemoglobin and hematocrit

H&P - history and physical

H2O - water

HA - headache

HAI - healthcare associated infection

HAZMAT - hazardous materials

HB - hemoglobin

HBA1C - hemoglobin A1C

HBV - hepatitis b virus

HCAP - healthcare associated pneumonia

HCC - hepatocellular carcinoma

HCM - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

HCO3 - bicarbonate

HCT - hematocrit, hydrochlorothiazide

HCTZ - hydrochlorothiazide

HCV - hepatitis c virus

HD - hemodialysis

HDL - high density lipoprotein

HDS - hemodynamically stable

HEENT - head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat

Hep - hepatitis

HF - heart failure

HGB - hemoglobin

HH - home health

HHC - home health care

HHS - health and human services

HICPAC - healthcare infection control practices advisory committee

HIPAA - Health insurance portability and accountability act

HIV - human immunodeficiency virus

HLD - hyperlipidemia

HOB - head of bed

HOH - hard of hearing

HPI - history of present illness

HR - heart rate, hour, human resources

HS - at bedtime

HSV - herpes simplex virus

HT - height

HTN - hypertension

Hum - humidified

HV - half value, hemovac

HX - history

Hyper - above normal

Hypo - below normal


I&D - incision and drainage

I&O - intake and output

IABP - intra-aortic balloon pump

IADLs - instrumental activities of daily living

IBD - inflammatory bowel disease

IBS - irritable bowel syndrome

ICD - implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

ICH - intracerebral hemorrhage

ICU - intensive care unit

ID - intradermal, infectious disease

IDC - indwelling catheter, invasive ductal carcinoma

IDN - integrated delivery network

IHC - immunohistochemistry

IJ - internal jugular

ILI - influenza like illness

IM - intramuscular

IMN - infectious mononucleosis, intramedullary nail

IN - inch

INC - incontinent

INR - international normalized ratio

INT - intermittent needle therapy

IOC - intraoperative cholangiogram

IPA - independent practice association

IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

IPN - intervention project for nurses

IPPV - intermittent positive pressure ventilation

IPR - intellectual property rights

IR - interventional radiology

IS - incentive spirometer

ISOL - isolation

ITP - immune thrombocytopenic purpura

IV - intravenous

IVC - inferior vena cava

IVF - intravenous fluids

IVAB - intravenous antibiotics

IVVD - intravascular volume depletion


JP drain - Jackson Pratt drain

JVD - jugular venous distention


K - potassium

KG - kilogram

KM - kilometer

KUB - kidneys, ureters, bladder

KVO - keep vein open


L - left, liter, lumbar

LA - left arm

LAC - left antecubital, laceration

LAD - left anterior descending

Lap - laproscopic

LB - pound

LBBB - left bundle branch block

LC - leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

LDL - low density lipoprotein

LE - lower extremity, lupus erythematosus

LFA - left forearm

LFT - liver function tests

LHC - left heart catheterization

LIJ - left internal jugular

LIP - licensed independent practitioner

Liq - liquid

LIS - low intermittent suction

LLE - left lower extremity

LLL - left lower lobe

LM - liters per minute

LMP - last menstrual period

LMWH - low molecular weight heparin

LOA - lysis of adhesions

LOC - level of consciousness

LOS - length of stay

LP - lumbar puncture

LPN - licensed practical nurse

LR - lactated ringers

LRI - lower respiratory infection

LSO brace - lumbosacral orthosis brace

LTAC - long term acute care

LTC - Long term care

LUA - left upper arm

LUL - left upper lobe

LV - left ventricle

LVL - level

LVN - licensed vocational nurse

Lymph - lymphocytes


M - male, meter, minute

MAE - moves all extremities

MAR - medication administration record

MAT - medication assisted treatment

MBD - mineral and bone disorder

MBS - modified barium swallow

MCA - motorcycle accident, middle cerebral artery

MCC - motorcycle crash

MCG - microgram

MCH - mean corpuscular hemoglobin

MCHC - mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MCV - mean corpuscular volume

MD - medical doctor

MDD - major depressive disorder

MDI - metered-dose inhaler

MDRO - multidrug resistant organism

MDRTB - multidrug resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis

MDS - minimum data set, myelodysplastic syndrome

ME - medication error

MEN - multiple endocrine neoplasia

MEQ - milliequivalents

MERS - middle east respiratory syndrome

MET - medical emergency team

Mets - metastasis

METS - metabolic equivalents

MEWS - modified early warning score

MFH - malignant fibrous histiocytoma

MFS - morse fall scale

MG - milligram, magnesium

MGMT - management

MGT - management

MI - myocardial infarction, mile

MIC - minimum inhibitory concentration

MIDAS - medical information data analysis system

Min - minute

MIVF - maintenance intravenous fluids

ML - milliliter

MM - milimeter, multiple myeloma

MM Hg - milimeters of mercury

MMOL - millimole

MMSE - mini-mental state examination

MN - midnight

MOM - milk of magnesia

mono - mononucleosis, monocytes

MPV - mean platelet volume

MR - mitral regurgitation

MRA - magnetic resonance angiogram

MRCP - magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

MRI - magnetic resonance imaging

MRSA - methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

MRV - magnetic resonance venography

MS - medical student, multiple sclerosis, mental status, mitral stenosis

MSDS - material safety data sheet

MSK - musculoskeletal

MSNCB - Medical Surgical Nursing Certification Board

MSSA - methicillin susceptible staph aureus

MV - mitral valve

MVA - motor vehicle accident

MVC - motor vehicle crash/collision

MVR - mitral valve replacement

MWF - monday wednesday friday

6MWT - six minute walk test


N/V - nausea and vomiting

NA - sodium, nursing assistant

NAD - no abnormality detected, no apparent distress

NAEO - no acute events overnight

NANDA - North American Nursing Diagnosis Association

Narc - narcotic

NASH - nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

NC - nasal cannula

NEB - nebulizer

Neg - negative

Neuro - neurological

Neut - neutrophils

NG - nasogastric

NGT - nasogastric tube

NGTD - negative to date, no growth to date

NHL - non-Hodgkin lymphoma

NIBP - non invasive blood pressure

NICE - National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

NICM - nonischemic cardiomyopathy

NIH - national institutes of health

NIHSS - national institutes of health stroke scale

NIPPV - nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation

NKA - no known allergies

NKDA - no known drug allergies

NL - normal limits

Non op - non operational

NP - nurse practitioner

NPA - nurse practice act, nasopharyngeal airway

NPO - nothing by mouth

NREM sleep - nonrapid eye movement sleep

NS - normal saline

NSAID - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSCLC - non small cell lung cancer

NSG - nursing specialist group

NSR - normal sinus rhythm

NST - nonstress test

NSTE-ACS - non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome

NSTEMI - non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

NSVT - non sustained ventricular tachycardia

NTND - non tender non distended

NWB - non weight bearing


O2 - oxygen

O2 sat - oxygen saturation

OA - osteoarthritis

OB - obstetrics

Obs - observation

OCD - obsessive compulsive disorder

OM - otitis media

OOB - out of bed

OPA - oropharyngeal airway

OPAT - outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy

OPIM - other potentially infectious materials

OR - operating room

OREF - open reduction and external fixation

ORIF - open reduction and internal fixation

Ortho - orthostatic

OSA - obstructive sleep apnea

OSH - outside hospital

OSHA - occupational safety and health

OT - occupational therapy

OUD - opioid use disorder

Outpt - outpatient

OX - oximetry

OZ - ounce


P - pulse, phosphorus

PA - physician assistant

PAC - pulmonary artery catheter

PACU - post anesthesia care unit

PAD - public access defibrillation, peripheral artery disease

PAF - platelet activating factor, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Pap smear - papanicolaou smear

PASRR - preadmission screening and resident review

PCA - patient controlled analgesia

PCI - percutaneous coronary intervention

PCM - primary care manager, protein k-calorie malnutrition

PCO2 - partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PCP - primary care provider

PCR - polymerase chain reaction

PCT - patient care technician, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

PE - pulmonary embolism

PED - pediatric, pedestrian

PEG - percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

PERRLA - pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation

PET scan - positron emission tomography scan

PFT - pulmonary function test

PH - potential of hydrogen

PHI - protected health information

PICC - peripherally inserted central catheter

PIK3CA - phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha

PIP - proximal interphalangeal (finger joint)

PIV - peripheral intravenous

PLIF - posterior lumbar interbody fusion

PLOF - prior level of function

PLT - platelets

PMH - past medical history

PMI - point of maximal impulse

PMHX - patient medical history

PN - parenteral nutrition

PNA - pneumonia

PNC - penicillin

PND - paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea

Pneumo - pneumothorax

PNS - peripheral nervous system

PO - by mouth

PO2 - partial pressure of oxygen

POA - present on admission

POC - point of care

POD - post operative days

POLST - physician's order for life sustaining treatment

POM - patient's own medication

POMR - problem-oriented medical record

Pos - positive

Post op - post operative

PPB - pleuropulmonary blastoma

PPD - purified protein derivative

PPE - personal protective equipment

PPH - postpartum hemorrhage

PPS - prospective payment system

PPX - prophylaxis

PR - pulse rate, pulmonary rehabilitation

PRBC - packed red blood cells

Prec - precautions

PRN - as needed

PROM - passive range-of-motion exercises

PSBO - partial small bowel obstruction

PSCU - presurgical care unit

PSH - past surgical history

PSRO - professional standards review organization

PT - patient, physical therapy, prothrombin time, pint

PTAC - pharmacology and therapeutics advisory committee

PTBD - percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage

PTC - percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram

PTH - parathyroid hormone

PTT - partial thromboplastin time

PTX - pneumothorax

PUD - peptic ulcer disease

Pulm - pulmonary

PVD - peripheral vascular disease

PVWM - periventricular white matter


Q - every

Q4H - every four hours

QAM - every morning

QPM - every night

QT - quart


R - right, respirations

RA - room air, right arm, rheumatoid arthritis

RAC - right antecubital

RBBB - right bundle branch block

RBC - red blood cell

RCA - right coronary artery

RCC - renal cell carcinoma

RDW - red cell distribution width

Ref - refused, reference

Reg - regular

Rehab - rehabilitation

REM sleep - rapid eye movement sleep

Resp - respirations, respiratory

Ret - retention

RF - rheumatoid factor

RFA - right forearm

Rhabdo - rhabdomyolysis

RIJ - right internal jugular

RLE - right lower extremity

RLL - right lower lobe

RLS - restless leg syndrome

RML - right middle lobe

RN - registered nurse

ROC - receiver operating characteristic

ROM - range of motion

ROS - review of systems

ROSC - return of spontaneous circulation

RPR - rapid plasma reagin

RR - respiratory rate

RRR - regular rate and rhythm

RRT - rapid response team

RUA - right upper arm

RUG - resource utilization group

RUL - right upper lobe

RV - residual volume, right ventricle

RVR - rapid ventricular rate/response

RVSP - right ventricular systolic pressure

RWMA - regional wall motion abnormalities

RX - to take, prescription


S - second

SAH - subarachnoid hemorrhage

SAMPLE - signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past medical history, last meal, events

SA node - sinoatrial node

SARS - severe acute respiratory syndrome

Sat - saturation

SBAR - situation background assessment recommendation

SBFT - small bowel follow through

SBIRT - screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment

SBO - small bowel obstruction

SBP - systolic blood pressure

SBS - small bowel series

SCD - sequential compression device

Schizo - schizophrenia

SCI - spinal cord injury

SCLC - small cell lung cancer

SDH - subdural hematoma

SDS - safety data sheets

SE - standard error, side effect

Sec - second

Sed - sedimentation

SFA - superficial femoral artery

SI - sacroiliac

SIADH - syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

SIRS - systemic inflammatory response syndrome

SJS - Stevens Johnson syndrome

SL - sublingual

SNF - skilled nursing facility

SOAP note - subjective and objective data, analysis, and planning note

SOB - shortness of breath

SP - status post

SPECT - single photon emission tomography

SPO2 - peripheral capillary oxygen saturation

SSH - society for simulation in healthcare

SSI - sliding scale insulin, surgical site infections

SSS - sick sinus syndrome

ST - stage

STAT - immediately

STD - sexually transmitted disease

STEMI - ST elevation myocardial infarction

STI - sexually transmitted infection

STR - short term rehab

STSG - split thickness skin graft

SUBQ - subcutaneous

SUD - substance use disorder

Surg - surgery

SUV - standardized uptake value

SV - stroke volume

SVC - superior vena cava

SW - social worker


T - temperature, ton

T2DM - type two diabetes mellitus

Tab - tablet

Tachy - tachycardia

TAVI - transcatheter aortic valve implantation

TAVR - transcatheter aortic valve replacement

TB - tuberculosis

TBI - traumatic brain injury

TBSP - tablespoon

TEE - transesophageal echocardiography

Tele - telemetry

Temp - temperature

TENS - transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

TF - transfer factor, tube feeding

THA - total hip arthroplasty

THC - tetrahydrocannabinol

TIA - transient ischemic attack

Tib - tibula

TIBC - total iron binding capacity

TICU - trauma intensive care unit

TKA - total knee arthroplasty

TLC - triple lumen catheter

TLIF -  transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

TLSO brace - thoracolumbosacral orthosis brace

TMA - transmetatarsal amputation

TNBC - triple negative breast cancer

Tol - tolerate

TPH - theophylline

TR - tricuspid regurgitation

Trans - transfusion, transfer, transsexual

TRICU - trauma intensive care unit

TSH - thyroid stimulating hormone

TSP - teaspoon

TTE - transthoracic echocardiogram

TTP - tender to palpation, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

TTS - tuesday thursday saturday

TTWB - toe touch weight bearing

TX - treatment

TURB - transurethral resection of the bladder

TURP - transurethral resection of the prostate

TV - tidal volume

TWI - t wave inversion


U - unit

UA - urinalysis

UAP - unlicensed assistive personnel

UC - urine culture

UDS - urine drug screen

UE - upper extremity

UGIB - upper gastrointestinal bleed

Unc - uncollected

Unk - unknown

Unv - unverified

UO - urine output

UOP - urinary output

UR - utilization review

URI - upper respiratory infection

URR - urea reduction ratio

US - ultrasound

USP - United States Pharmacopeia

UTD - up to date

UTI - urinary tract infection


VAX - vaccination

Ventric - ventriculostomy

Ver - verify, version

V fib - ventricular fibrillation

VIP - very important person

Vit - vitamin

VQ scan - ventilation perfusion scan

VRE - vancomycin resistant enterococci

VS - vital signs

VSS - vital signs stable

VTE - venous thromboembolism


W - with

W/C - wheelchair

W/O - without

W/U - workup

WB - weight bearing

WBAT - weight bearing as tolerated

WBC - white blood cell

WCC - wound care center/certified, white cell count

WK - week

WNL - within normal limits

WT - weight


X - times

XLIF - extreme lateral interbody fusion

XRT - radiotherapy


Y/O - years old

YD - yard

YR - year


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Common medical abbreviations and acronyms
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms A
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms B
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms C
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms D
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms E
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms F
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms G
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms H
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms I
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms J, K, Q
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms L
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms M
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms N
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms O
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms P
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms R
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms S
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms T
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms U
Medical Abbreviations and Acronyms V, W, X, Y

Medical References for Caregivers

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